Multi-Resistance Wide-Range Standard for the Calibration of Conductive probe Atomic Force Microscopy Measurements

Submitting author affiliation:
Laboratoire national de métrologie et d'essais - LNE, Trappes, France

Beilstein Arch. 2023, 202324.

Published 13 Jun 2023

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This preprint has not been peer-reviewed. When a peer-reviewed version is available, this information will be updated.


Measuring resistances at the nanoscale has attracted recent attention for developing microelectronic components, memory devices, molecular electronics, and two-dimensional materials. Despite the decisive contribution of scanning probe microscopy in imaging resistance and current variations, measurements have remained restricted to qualitative comparisons. Reference resistance standards are key to advancing the research-to-manufacturing process of nanoscale devices and materials through calibrated, reliable, and comparable measurements. No such calibration reference samples have been proposed so far. In this work, we demonstrate the development of a multi-value resistance standard for calibrating resistance measurements in conductive probe atomic force microscopy (C-AFM) covering the range from 100 Ω to 100 GΩ. We present a comprehensive protocol for the in situ calibration of the whole measurement circuit encompassing the tip, the current sensing device, and the system controller. Furthermore, we show that our developed resistance standard enables the calibration of C-AFM with a combined relative uncertainty (given at one standard deviation) lower than 2.5% over an extended range from 10 kΩ to 100 GΩ and lower than 1% for a reduced range from 1 MΩ to 50 GΩ. Our findings break through the long-standing bottleneck in C-AFM measurements, providing a universal means for adopting calibrated resistance measurements at the nanoscale in the industrial and academic research and development sectors.

Keywords: Resistance standard; Conductive probe Atomic Force Microscopy; Calibration; Nanoscale; Measurement protocol

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When a peer-reviewed version of this preprint is available, this information will be updated in the information box above. If no peer-reviewed version is available, please cite this preprint using the following information:

Piquemal, F.; Kaja, K.; Chrétien, P.; Morán-Meza, J.; Houzé, F.; Ulysse, C.; Harouri, A. Beilstein Arch. 2023, 202324. doi:10.3762/bxiv.2023.24.v1

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