Endocytosis and transport of silica nanoparticles in BeWo b30 cells

Submitting author affiliation:
Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University. Beijing Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital., Beijing, China

Beilstein Arch. 2022, 202266. https://doi.org/10.3762/bxiv.2022.66.v1

Published 08 Aug 2022

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This preprint has not been peer-reviewed. When a peer-reviewed version is available, this information will be updated.

Abstract

An understanding of the transport of silica nanoparticles (NPs) across the placental barrier is important in perinatal medicine. The cytotoxicity of silica NPs was investigated in this study. In uptake assays, we examined the size of NPs, as well as the effects of various inhibitors, on the internalization of silica NPs in BeWo b30 cells. The levels of PI3K, AKT, and GSK3β were assessed after the cells were treated with silica NPs and/or the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway inhibitor LY294002. The integrity of the cell monolayer was assessed by culturing cells on Transwell inserts and measuring the transepithelial electrical resistance, assessing fluorescein sodium transport, and staining the tight junction protein zonula occludens-1. Silica NPs were spherical in shape, and concentrations <300 μg/mL were not cytotoxic. The internalization of silica NPs with a diameter of 50 nm was greater than that of silica NPs with a diameter of 20 nm. CPZ showed the most pronounced inhibitory effects, with inhibition rates of 20-nm, 50-nm, and 100-nm silica NPs reaching 57.5%, 49.6%, and 46.9%, respectively, indicating that silica NPs were internalized through clathrin- and caveolae-mediated endocytosis. Furthermore, LY294002 affected the uptake of 50-nm silica NPs dose-dependently. The treatment of cells with silica NPs also increased the levels of P-PI3K/PI3K, P-AKT/AKT, and P-GSK3β/GSK3β, while LY294002 inhibited the levels of these proteins, indicating that the internalization of silica NPs is regulated by the PI3K/AKT/GSK3β signaling pathway. Taken collectively, these results provide new insights on the transplacental transport of NPs in perinatal medicine.

Keywords:  silica nanoparticles; placental barrier; endocytosis; transport

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When a peer-reviewed version of this preprint is available, this information will be updated in the information box above. If no peer-reviewed version is available, please cite this preprint using the following information:

Tang, H.; Jiang, W.; Feng, X.; Chen, Y.; He, J.; Wu, M.; Yin, C.; He, H. Beilstein Arch. 2022, 202266. doi:10.3762/bxiv.2022.66.v1

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