Enhancement of Piezoelectric Coefficient (d33) in PVDF-TrFe/CoFe2O4 nanocomposites through DC magnetic poling

Submitting author affiliation:
Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Italy

Beilstein Arch. 2021, 202155. https://doi.org/10.3762/bxiv.2021.55.v1

Published 06 Aug 2021

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In the last years flexible, low-cost, wearable and innovative piezoelectric nanomaterials, have attracted a considerable interest to develop energy harvesters and sensors. Among the piezoelectric materials, a special focus was paid on  electroactive polymers such as Poly(vinylidene fluoride) [PVDF] and on its copolymer Poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) [PVDF-TrFe], which is one of the most investigated piezoelectric polymers, due to the high β-phase content resulting under specific curing or processing conditions. However, to get high piezoelectric coefficient (d33), alignment of the β-phase domains is needed, which is usually obtained by applying a high electric fields at moderate temperatures. This process, usually referred as electrical poling, requires the deposition of contact electrodes over the sample surface, and the use of high voltage apparatus.   

In the present work, in order to overcome these constraints we have produced, characterized and studied a polymer nanocomposite, consisting of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles dispersed in PVDF-TrFe with enhancement of the β-phase alignment through and applied a DC magnetic fields. The magnetic poling was demonstrated to be particular effective, leading to a piezoelectric coefficient, d33, with values up to 39 pm/V. The magnetic poling does not need the use a top electrode and of high magnetic fields (the maximum value of d33 was obtained at 50 mT, using a current of 0.4 A) making the PVDF-TrFE/CoFe2O4 nanocomposite suitable for the fabrication of highly efficient devices for energy harvesting and wearable sensors.

Keywords: PVDF-TrFe; CoFe2O4; PVDF-TrFe nanocomposites; Magnetic Poling; Piezoelectric Effect; Piezoresponse Force Microscopy (PFM)

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Fortunato, M.; Tamburrano, A.; Bracciale, M. P.; Santarelli, M. L.; Sarto, M. S. Beilstein Arch. 2021, 202155. doi:10.3762/bxiv.2021.55.v1

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