Disposable Cartridge Concept for On-Demand Synthesis of Turbo Grignards, Knochel-Hauser Amides and Magnesium Alkoxides

  1. Mateo BertonORCID Logo,
  2. Kevin Sheehan,
  3. Andrea Adamo and
  4. D. Tyler McQuade

Submitting author affiliation: Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States

Beilstein Arch. 2020, 202040. doi:10.3762/bxiv.2020.40.v1

Published 06 Apr 2020

  • Preprint

Abstract

Magnesium organometallic reagents occupy a central position in organic synthesis. Freshness of these compounds is key for achieving high conversion and reproducible results. Common methods for the synthesis of Grignard reagents from metallic magnesium present safety issues and exhibit batch-to-batch variability. Tubular reactors of solid-reagents combined with solution phase reagents enable the continuous-flow preparation of organomagnesium reagents. The use of stratified packed bed columns of magnesium and lithium chloride for the synthesis of highly concentrated turbo Grignards is reported. A low-cost pod-style synthesizer prototype, which incorporates single-use prepacked perfluorinated cartridges and bags of reagents, for the automated on-demand lab-scale synthesis of carbon, nitrogen and oxygen turbo magnesium bases is presented. This concept will provide access to fresh organomagnesium reagents on a discovery scale and will do so independent of operator’s experience in flow and/or organometallic chemistry. 

Keywords: Turbo Grignard Reagent; Knochel-Hauser Base; Magnesium; Lithium chloride; On-demand; Packed bed reactors; Plug and flow reactor; Synthesizer

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When a peer-reviewed version of this preprint is available in the Beilstein Journals, this information will be updated in the information box above. If no peer-reviewed version is available, please cite this preprint using the following information:

Berton, M.; Sheehan, K.; Adamo, A.; McQuade, D. T. Beilstein Arch. 2020, 202040. doi:10.3762/bxiv.2020.40.v1

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