Extraction and characterization of nanofibrillated cellulose from yacon plant (Smallanthus sonchifolius) stem

  1. Romaildo Santos de SousaORCID Logo,
  2. Alan Sulato de Andrade and
  3. Maria Lucia Masson

Submitting author affiliation: Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil

Beilstein Arch. 2020, 2020111. https://doi.org/10.3762/bxiv.2020.111.v1

Published 30 Sep 2020

  • Preprint

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the process of cellulose extraction from yacon stem using combined pulping and bleaching processes for produce nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC). First, chemical pulping process with NaOH was applied and, subsequently, the pulp obtained was bleached. From the chemical pulp (CP) bleached, NFC was obtained by the mechanical defibrillation in a colloidal grinder. Then, chemical composition, color, and infrared analysis of the pulps was performed. The pulping process showed a lower amount of extractives and lignin content, as a low yield and an excessively dark pulp. The CP bleached with NaClO2 showed the best results increased whiteness of the pulp. A suspension of NFC with fibers of 5–60 nm in diameter, high crystallinity index, and thermal stability was obtained. The results are promising and demonstrate the technical feasibility of obtaining NFC from yacon stems waste which is ideal to apply to other materials of the industry.

Keywords: lignocellulosic biomass; chemical process; cellulose fibers; bleaching; nanotechnology

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When a peer-reviewed version of this preprint is available, this information will be updated in the information box above. If no peer-reviewed version is available, please cite this preprint using the following information:

de Sousa, R. S.; de Andrade, A. S.; Masson, M. L. Beilstein Arch. 2020, 2020111. doi:10.3762/bxiv.2020.111.v1

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