Muramyl dipeptide is the minimal structure of peptidoglycan with adjuvant properties. Replacement of the N-acetylmuramyl moiety and increase of lipophilicity are important approaches in the preparation of muramyl dipeptide analogues with improved pharmacological properties. Mannose receptors present on immunocompetent cells are pattern-recognition receptors and by mannose ligands binding they affect the immune system. Here we present design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel mannosylated desmuramyl peptide derivatives. Mannose was coupled to dipeptide containing lipophilic adamantane on N- or C-terminus through glycolyl or hydroxyisobutyryl linker. Adjuvant activities of synthesized compounds were investigated in the mouse model using ovalbumin as an antigen. Their activities were compared to the previously described mannosylated adamantane-containing desmuramyl peptide and peptidoglycan monomer. Tested compounds exhibited adjuvant activity and the strongest enhancement of IgG production was stimulated by the compound 21 (Man-OCH2-D-(1-Ad)Gly-L-Ala-D-isoGln).
Keywords: adamantane; adjuvant activity; desmuramyl peptide; mannose
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Ribić, R.; Stojković, R.; Milković, L.; Antica, M.; Cigler, M.; Tomić, S. Beilstein Arch. 2019, 20198. doi:10.3762/bxiv.2019.8.v1
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