Novel surface morphology of pipeline with transverse microgrooves was proposed for reducing the pressure loss of fluid transport. Numerical simulation and experimental research efforts were undertaken to evaluate the drag reduction performance of bionic pipeline. The computational fluid dynamic calculation, using SST κ-ω turbulent model, shown that the “vortex cushioning effect” and “driving effect” produced by the vortexes in the microgrooves were the main reason for the drag reduction. The shear stress of the microgrooved surface was reduced significantly owing to the decline of the velocity gradient; then bionic pipeline achieved drag reduction effect in the pipe and concentric annulus flow. The primary and secondary order of effect on the drag reduction and optimal microgroove geometric parameters were obtained by orthogonal analysis method. The comparative experiments were conducted in a water tunnel, and a maximum drag reduction rate of 3.21% was achieved. The numerical simulation and experimental results were cross-checked and consistent with each other to verify that the utilization of bionic theory to reduce the pressure loss of fluid transport is feasible. Results can provide theoretical guidance for the energy saving of pipeline transportation.
Keywords: Fluid transport; Bionic pipeline; Drag reduction; Transverse microgrooves; Drag reduction mechanism.
When a peer-reviewed version of this preprint is available in the Beilstein Journals, this information will be updated in the information box above. If no peer-reviewed version is available, please cite this preprint using the following information:
Liu, W.; Ni, H.; Wang, P.; Zhou, Y. Beilstein Arch. 2019, 201917. doi:10.3762/bxiv.2019.17.v1
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